A DEA evaluation of the successful implementation of HEALTH2020 policies
Health2020 is a promising framework of policies provided by World Health Organization (WHO) aiming to diminish the health and well-being inequalities among the citizens of countries. European Union (EU) and its member-states participate to this ambitious framework. The deterioration of major demographic, social and environmental factors, in addition to the escalation of the economic crisis prevent the successful and, without restrictions, implementation of this framework. Under such conditions, there is a strong need for all the EU member-states to utilize their health and economical resources efficiently and wisely. In order to provide a unified and value-based approach of the Heath2020 framework, we take advantage of the Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) and Dynamic DEA methods to evaluate the impact of the Health2020 policies. This approach pinpoints the countries that can be characterized as outperformers and the lagged ones. We adopt several versions of evaluation, in relation to the regional targets of Health2020, measuring both the effectiveness and the efficiency of EU countries from 2011 to 2016. We, also, examine the stability of the technological frontier of the countries using dynamic DEA. Our results showed the existence of major dividend lines between the outperformers and the other countries. The results also reveal a stability in technological changes indicating, probably, the slow development in this sector at the field of Health.
- ΣΥΓΓΡΑΦΕIΣ: Elias K. Maragos, Petros E. Maravelakis, Apostolos I. Linardis
- YEAR: 2020
- TYPE: Papers published in refereed journals
- LANGUAGE: English